Monthly Archives: January 2014

Defensa de los derechos Internacionales para conservar la Amazonía Ecuatoriana

2013 Amazon Petroleum Drilling Map shows proposed drilling blocks in the entire Ecuadorian Amazon the coloured zones are indigenous territories.

2013 Amazon Petroleum Drilling Map shows proposed drilling blocks in the entire Ecuadorian Amazon the coloured zones are indigenous territories.

Es interesante cómo algunos grupos políticos de los Ecuatorianos dicen ser protectores del parque nacional Yasuní aún parecen tener ninguna consideración por su destrucción a través de la perforación de petróleo o de los derechos de los pueblos indígenas cuyas tierras ancestrales es la selva tropical. Estos grupos están comenzando atacar conservacionistas ambientales y atacar a las ONG, organizaciones no gubernamentales en campaña para proteger el Amazonas.

Estos grupos están diciendo a los individuos y las organizaciones internacionales de conservación que no tenemos derecho a opinar sobre la conservación de la Amazonia en Ecuador porque venimos de los países imperialistas, como el Reino Unido o los EE.UU., que no tienen democracia. Estoy de acuerdo en que hay un nivel de profundidad de la corrupción de la política y el elitismo de mi país y los EE.UU. Sin embargo , acusando a los de nosotros los individuos y las ONGs de estos países, de no tener derecho a opinar  porque de nuestros sistemas políticos corruptos es en sí mismo una declaración fascista , no hay nada de democrático excluyendo las opiniones de la gente sobre la base de la razón de lo que nacionalidad de procedencia.

Hay un gran movimiento de los Europeos y los Estado Unidenses que han dedicado sus vidas a proteger el medio ambiente y los ecosistemas , como el Amazonas . Estos defensores del medio ambiente están luchando por los derechos de igualdad para todos a nivel político y el nivel ecológico, por lo que se les está dando más derechos a la madre tierra , y todas las personas, incluyendo a los pueblos indígenas. Hacemos campaña contra esos sistemas corruptos,  cuasi – democráticos, fascistas, políticos de todo el mundo obsoletas .  Necesitamos transparencia en todos los sistemas de gobierno , por lo que los actores políticos centrales dejan de producir miles de millones de la destrucción del planeta y el control de los alimentos del mundo . Seguimos haciendo campaña y luchar por nuevas leyes internacionales que promuevan el respeto más profundo por los recursos naturales en todo el mundo, donde las limitaciones de privilegios deben ser impuestos a las corporaciones multinacionales que son los nuevos políticos y presidentes

Estos grupos Ecuatorianos están acusando a la fundación Pacha Mama y otras ONG ambientales de ser totalmente corrupto , la corrupción puede ser un problema en algunas ONG, pero no todas las ONG en Ecuador y desde luego no la fundación Pacha Mama.  Esto no es una excusa para cerrar ilegalmente una base simplemente porque se opone a la decisión de Correa de vender el restante Amazonía Ecuatoriana a las compañías de petróleo , ¿cómo es eso democracia?

Hay un nivel mucho más profundo de la corrupción que preocuparse en la industria petrolera de cual Ecuador ha sufrido mucho a través de un impacto catastrófico para el medio ambiente de la extracción de petróleo . En mi vida, poco más de 30 años de perforación de petróleo, más de 18 mil millones de toneladas de vertidos tóxicos han destruido la selva Ecuatoriana y la salud de miles de indígenas . ¿Cómo es la apertura de cientos de miles de hectáreas de selva tropical más al perforar ayudar al desarrollo del país, si éste ha sido el progreso hasta ahora ? Existen tecnologías más sostenibles disponibles para operar el desarrollo de la economía ecuatoriana que se mantenga intacta la selva .

La Selva Amazónica es y sigue siendo la responsabilidad internacional de todos en la Tierra .

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En cuanto a la conservación y la ecología, la selva Amazónica está la responsabilidad y el interés de todos en todo el mundo , en primer lugar se produce el Amazon más del 20 por ciento del oxígeno del mundo y tiene un papel ecológico clave en el mantenimiento de la estabilidad del clima, ya que el clima es inestable , más que nunca , a pesar de otros factores que contribuyen geo -ingeniería . Por lo tanto, lo que sucede en la Amazonia es de interés internacional y la acción internacional debe intervenir para proteger a un importante ecosistema tan contribuyente si Ecocide es una amenaza . En segundo lugar, la dependencia mundial del petróleo nos hace a todos responsables de hacer algo para proteger a la Amazonia , desde la dependencia mundial del petróleo es una de las principales causas de su rápida destrucción.

En tercer lugar, el nivel de la Biodiversidad, sólo en la Amazonía Ecuatoriana es asombrosa , sólo para ponerlo en perspectiva para el Parque Nacional Yasuní contiene en una hectárea 25 metros cuadrados de parcela- 600 especies de aves y 170 de mamíferos, 1.100 especies de árboles, más que en todo de los EE.UU. y Canadá , combinado.

La cuenca del Amazonas se supone que debe estar bajo la protección de la Convención sobre la Diversidad Biológica, el único que protege a los ecosistemas en lugar de especies individuales ha intentado mantener la cuenca Amazónica protegida como uno de los puntos calientes de biodiversidad más preciados y más ricos del planeta con más del 25 por ciento de las especies del mundo animal y vegetal. Cuando más de 500.000 hectáreas de selva tropical prime están bajo amenaza de extinción total. Por lo tanto , la opinión y las acciones de todo el mundo son importantes y juegan en papel importante en la defensa de este ecosistema clave como su devastación será la devastación de todos nosotros si no intervenimos para defender lo que queda de la selva ecuatoriana .

de Carlita Shaw en Voces de Tierra

http://www.vocesdetierra.com

Los datos de pérdida mundial de bosques en Ecuador 2000-2012

http://earthenginepartners.appspot.com/science-2013-global-forest

Defending International Rights to Conserve the Amazon

2013 Amazon Petroleum Drilling Map shows proposed drilling blocks in the entire Ecuadorian Amazon the coloured zones are indigenous territories.

2013 Amazon Petroleum Drilling Map shows proposed drilling blocks in the entire Ecuadorian Amazon the coloured zones are indigenous territories.

It is interesting how certain political groups of Ecuadorians claim to be protectors of Yasuni national park yet seem to have no regard for its destruction via Petroleum drilling or for the rights of indigenous people whose ancestral land is the Rainforest. These groups are beginning to attack individual environmental conservationists and are attacking non governmental organizations campaigning to protect the Amazon.

These groups are telling International individuals and conservation organizations that we have no right to an opinion on the Conservation of the Amazon in Ecuador because we come from Imperialistic countries like the UK or the USA that have no democracy. I agree there is a deep level of corruption of politics and elitism of my country and the USA. However, accusing those of us individuals and non-governmental organizations from these countries of having no right to an opinion because of our corrupt political systems is in itself a fascist statement, there is nothing democratic about excluding opinions of people based on the reason of what nationality they come from.

There is a large movement of Europeans and Americans that have dedicated their lives to protecting the environment and ecosystems such as the Amazon. These environmental campaigners are fighting for the rights of equality for all on a political level and ecological level, so more rights are being given to mother earth, and all people including  indigenous people. We campaign against these outdated corrupt quasi-democratic fascist political systems worldwide. We need transparency in all government systems, so the core political stakeholders stop making billions from destroying the planet and controlling the world’s food. We continue to campaign and fight for new international laws that encourage a deeper respect for natural resources worldwide, where limitations of  priviledges should be imposed on multi-national corporations that are the new politicians and presidents

These Ecuadorian groups are accusing the Pacha Mama foundation and other environmental NGOs of being totally corrupt, corruption can be a problem in some NGOs, but not all NGOs in Ecuador and certainly not the Pacha Mama foundation. This is no excuse to illegally close a foundation simply because it opposes Correa’s decision to sell off the remaining Ecuadorian Amazon to Petroleum companies, how is that democracy?

There is a far deeper level of corruption to be concerned about in the Petroleum industry of which Ecuador has suffered greatly through an environmentally catastrophic impact of Petroleum extraction. In my lifetime, just over 30 years of Oil drilling, over 18 billion tons of toxic spills have destroyed the Ecuadorian Rainforest and the health of thousands of indigenous people. How is opening up hundreds of thousands of more acres of rainforest to drilling helping the development of the country if this has been the progress so far? There are far more sustainable technologies available to operate development of the Ecuadorian economy that can keep the rainforest intact.

The Amazon Rainforest is and remains the International responsibility of everyone on Earth.

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In terms of conservation and ecology, the Amazon Rainforest is in everyone’s responsibility and interest globally, firstly the Amazon produces more than 20 percent of the world’s oxygen and has a key role ecologically in maintaining climate stability, since the climate is more unstable  than ever before, despite other geo-engineered contributing factors. therefore what happens in the Amazon is of international concern and international action should intervene to protect such a major contributing ecosystem if Ecocide is a threat. Secondly, the global reliance on oil makes all of us responsible to do something to protect the Amazon, since the world’s dependence on petroleum is one of the major causes of its rapid destruction.

Thirdly, the level of Biodiversity in the Ecuadorian Amazon alone is astounding, just to put it in to perspective Yasuni National Park contains in one 25 hectare square meter plot 600 species of birds and 170 of mammals, 1,100 species of trees, more than in all of the U.S. and Canada, combined. The Amazon basin is supposed to be under protection of the The Convention on Biological Diversity , the only one that protects ecosystems rather than individual species has attempted to keep the Amazon Basin protected as one of the most treasured and richest biodiversity hotspots on the planet containing more than 25 percent of the world’s plant and animal species. When over 500 thousand acres of prime rainforest are under threat of total extinction. Therefore, everyone’s opinion and actions are relevant and play on important role in defending this key ecosystem as its devastation will be the devastation of all of us if we do not step in to defend what remains of the Ecuadorian Rainforest.

by Carlita Shaw at Voces de Tierra

http://www.vocesdetierra.com

Sign a Petition to keep Ecuadorian Oil under the Soil

https://secure.avaaz.org/en/petition/The_Ecuadorian_Amazon_is_not_for_Sale/share/

Data for Global forest Loss in Ecuador from 2000 to 2012

http://earthenginepartners.appspot.com/science-2013-global-forest

Global Rights of Nature Summit and Tribunal in Ecuador

Photo Courtesy of Samuel Remerand Copyright 2012

Photo Courtesy of Samuel Remerand Copyright 2012

What is Rights of Nature?

Rights of Nature is the recognition and honoring that Nature has rights. It is the recognition that our ecosystems – including trees, oceans, animals, mountains – have rights just as human beings have rights. Rights of Nature is about balancing what is good for human beings against what is good for other species, what is good for the planet as a world. It is the holistic recognition that all life, all ecosystems on our planet are deeply intertwined.

Rather than treating nature as property under the law, rights of nature acknowledges that nature in all its life forms has the right to exist, persist, maintain and regenerate its vital cycles.

And we – the people – have the legal authority and responsibility to enforce these rights on behalf of ecosystems. The ecosystem itself can be named as the defendant.

For indigenous cultures around the world recognizing rights of nature is simply what is so and consistent with their traditions of living in harmony with nature. All life, including human life, are deeply connected. Decisions and values are based on what is good for the whole.
This past week (13-17th January) the Global Alliance for Rights of Nature held its first international summit on the Rights of Nature in Ecuador.

Around 50 Rights of Nature advocates and practitioners met to learn from the experiences of communities in Ecuador, Bolivia, and United States, who have already recognised “Rights of Nature” in their national and local laws, and to develop a unified global strategy for advancing the Rights of Nature movement around the world.

On Friday 17th January a public Tribunal in Quito heard cases, including the Chevron/Texaco case in Ecuador, the oil exploitation of Yasuní-ITT in Ecuador’s rainforest, and the threats to Australia’s Great Barrier Reef, and model how to recognise and protect the Rights of Nature in courts of law.

Please see the press release below for more information.

GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR THE EMERGENT “RIGHTS OF NATURE” MOVEMENT TO HOLD ITS FIRST INTERNATIONAL SUMMIT

FOLLOWED BY A PUBLIC TRIBUNAL OF ACTUAL CASES

OTAVALO & QUITO, ECUADOR: JANUARY 13-17, 2014

Key leaders of the emergent nature rights movement are holding an international summit in Ecuador on January 13-17, 2014. Its twofold purpose is to analyze the experiences of communities in Ecuador, Bolivia, and United States that have already implemented “Rights of Nature” laws and to devise a unified global strategy for advancing the Rights of Nature movement around the world.

The summit will conclude on Friday, January 17, with a public Tribunal in Quito where key Rights of Nature cases will be heard, including the Chevron/Texaco case in Ecuador, the oil exploitation of Yasuní-ITT in Ecuador’s rainforest, and the threats to Australia’s Great Barrier Reef. Drawing on precedents established in other successful Rights of Nature cases – such as the one finding that the rights of the Vilcabamba River had been violated by pollution – the Tribunal will model how to adjudicate the rights of nature in courts of law.

The four-dozen principals attending the summit represent diverse disciplines, cultures, nations, and bioregions as part of the Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature. Among the attendees are Indian physicist Vandana Shiva, South African lawyer and author Cormac Cullinan, North American indigenous leader Tom Goldtooth, former Bolivian U.N. ambassador Pablo Solón, Canadian aboriginal actress Tantoo Cardinal, and U.S. community rights attorney Thomas Linzey. The group as a whole is comprised of economists, lawyers, scientists, indigenous leaders, community activists, nuns, actors, authors, and public officials hailing from Australia, Switzerland, South Africa, United States, Spain, Canada, India, Romania, Bolivia, Argentina, and the United Kingdom as well as Ecuador.

The summit marks the first time leaders of the Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature are coming together since 2010 when they created the organization as a vehicle to help advance the cutting edge work that each was carrying out in his or her home country. The historic 2010 gathering that forged the Global Alliance also was held in Ecuador, the first nation in the world to adopt Rights of Nature in its Constitution, in 2008.

The Tribunal will be held on Friday, January 17, at Hotel Quito, in Quito, where the Global Alliance will also host a Press Conference to report the results of the summit and next steps for the Rights of Nature movement. The Press Conference is at 10:30 am. The Tribunal will consider seven cases and run from 8:30 am to 17:00 pm. Press kits for the Tribunal will be available.

“The Rights of Nature movement is a response in the order of magnitude necessary to end the legalized plundering that is ravaging our planet and imperiling our young and the young of all species,” says Robin R. Milam, Administrative Director of the Global Alliance for Rights of Nature. “By recognizing nature’s right to exist and thrive, people can assert those rights on nature’s behalf, rejecting actions that permit harmful, unwanted development in their communities.”

Rights of Nature: Background

The Rights of Nature movement draws on indigenous wisdom in positing a new jurisprudence that recognizes the right of nature in all its forms to exist, persist, evolve and regenerate.

“A 40-year regime of environmental laws in the United States and other industrial nations has failed to protect against the escalating ravages evident around the world, including decimated species, depleted forest reserves, water shortages, and record-breaking hurricanes,” says Robin R. Milam, Administrative Director of the Global Alliance for Rights of Nature. “An entirely new approach is needed.”

Recognizing the rights of nature, which humans would have standing to enforce, reflects a shift in consciousness away from a legal system that treats nature as property for human use. “It is akin to the shift in consciousness – and change in laws – that took place when people said we should stop treating women, enslaved, or indigenous people as property,” Milam said. “And it is foundational: Human rights are meaningless without fresh water to drink, clean air to breath, safe food to eat.”

Local municipalities in the United States were the first to adopt laws establishing legal structures that recognized Rights of Nature, beginning in 2006 with Tamaqua Borough in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. Since then more than two-dozen U.S. communities have adopted local laws recognizing Rights of Nature, including Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, which in November of 2010 became the first major municipality in the United States to do so.

In September 2008, Ecuador became the first country in the world to recognize Rights of Nature in its constitution and Bolivia enacted a law that recognizes rights of Mother Earth.

Nearly 100 grassroots organizations in the Americas, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Europe are members of the Global Alliance for Rights of Nature, advancing the Rights of Nature movement in their municipalities, counties, provinces, and countries.

The Rights of Nature movement is grounded conceptually in an understanding that humans are one part of an interdependent community of life on Earth. Human existence–in all its social, economic, industrial, cultural, and governmental manifestations–is wholly dependent on the health of rivers, plants, animals, oceans, forests, atmosphere, microbes, and other ecosystems and beings that with us comprise our living planet.

Beyond enlightened self-interest, the Rights of Nature movement also emerges philosophically and spiritually out of a sense of the wonder and awe that the natural world has inspired in humans for millennia, captured in art, music, and poetry–and our sense of the sacred.

For more, see Global Alliance for Rights of Nature at www.therightsofnature.org.

Contact Details

Robin R. Milam

Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature

Petition YES to Rights of Nature. Value Nature as a living being.
http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/yes-to-rights-of-nature/

Ecocide in Ecuador

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What does the future hold for this Shiwiar boy whose people live deep in the heart of territory that will be exploited for Petroleum. Photo courtesy of Samuel Remerand. Carlita and Oliver August 2012.

The collapse of Yasuni Initiative has allowed pristine parts of the Ecuadorian Amazon to become vulnerable to oil exploration. As the drilling begins, Carla Shaw tells The Ecologist why she fears for more than just the environment …

In August 2012, I had the opportunity to go deep into the Amazon Rainforest via a small private plane that flew for an hour and a half over the forest to one of the remotest Shiwiar territories near the Peru-Ecuador border. It was the first time I had been able to travel so far in, the other times I had worked in the Amazon was in areas on the periphery of pure primary untouched Amazon.

On the fourth day of our visit, the tranquility of the forest was interrupted by an uninvited military helicopter that landed in Juintsa. My heart began racing as we walked towards these uninvited guests, there was only one thing I could think of why they were intruding upon the Shiwiar territory unannounced: oil.

A year later, in August, 2013, Correa liquidated the Yasuni ITT trust fund initiative to protect the rainforest from oil drilling. His excuse was that the target fund of $3.6 billion was not reached due to global economic slump for not gaining the financial support from other world leaders. In September the National Assembly were convinced to go ahead with drilling in Yasuni.

The news has spread worldwide and many are now aware of President Correa’s decision to auction off 7 million acres of the Ecuadorian Rainforest to Oil Companies despite global resistance and countless public demonstrations in Ecuador and international pleas against his decision. Among the affected areas is Ecuador’s largest national park, Yasuni, which was declared a World Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations in 1989.

The impact of exploiting such a large scale area of rainforest not only is a heavy loss of unique biodiversity with the Amazon containing some 25 percent of the world’s species, many of which are unique to Ecuador.

This could also mean the end of forty years of peace in Ecuador for thousands of indigenous tribes, some of which live in complete isolation from the outside world, people at risk of losing their ancestral home.

It is not uncommon for the military to come in before the oil drilling begins to clear the area of indigenous people, for example at Savaykwa in Kichwa territory: without permission, soldiers entered and started clearing people from their own land. This is a gross infringement of human rights, bringing the largest threat of indigenous population displacement.

For short-term economic gain, the environmental and humanitarian price of oil exploration and extraction is a heavy one. The Ecuadorian Amazon is far more valuable environmental resource to it’s government and the rest of the world if kept preserved and untouched, sustainably managed and properly protected. It contains thousands of undiscovered species of plants and animals that we are destroying at a pace faster than we are discovering them – all with huge potential value to humanity in science, food, medicine and other technologies.

But the rainforest’s greatest value may just lie in it’s beauty and the sense of natural wonder it can inspire. During my journey I spent two weeks working with a French biology professor and living with the Shiwiar people. We experienced how they live solely from the forest.

Everywhere you would see something surprising, clusters of Red, Blue or Yellow Macaws swooping across crimson skies, monkeys playing in the branches, giant ants busily building their spectacular societies. And at night you are treated to the most stunning display of stars accompanied by a chorus of singing frogs.

All while biting insects are feasting on your arms and legs throughout the days and nights. I joked with my companions, that a biologist could measure the biodiversity of the rainforest by the variety of bites on ones body. Yet the majesty and beauty of the rainforest was worth every bit of the experience of living rough.

With our growing awareness we each individually have a pressing responsibility to push for a transition from an oil based economy to a ecologically sustainable economy. We will not remain calm and buy more petrol for our cars, even if it just involves talking about these issues to a stranger to share important information. We will campaign; write letters to advocacy websites, newspapers, petition government departments, make presentations at schools and universities. Some of us will even stand in the path of soldiers and oil company bulldozers.

We will take to the streets. We will be heard and seen on the radio and television of the people’s media. We will run independent news campaigns. We will inform and teach our children on the importance of sustainable and renewable energy resources so future generations do not make the same mistakes. We will build communities and workshops on sustainable energy solutions to raise awareness. We will continue to resist until the rainforest and its people are safe and gain as much global support as needed. Some of us might give our lives to protect the rainforest.

Each of our efforts is valuable energy that can build towards positive change. This is the only way to build a more sustainable world for the planet and therefore for humanity. We are the majority, and we choose what to consume, grow, build, read, write and create. Therefore we have more power than unethical corporations or policy makers do – if only we realize the fact!

The senseless annihilation of the earth’s last rainforests and oceans due to drilling for oil has to stop: all this for a non-renewable resource valued over human life and all life on planet earth. How many of us have to suffer and to what limit of destruction will this planet be pushed to before we realize human consciousness is now an ecological issue?

We need to understand the roots of ecology. It is time for us to awake, and dispel the illusion of our separation from nature and the universe. We are all connected and when we hurt our environment, we destroy ourselves and our own humanity.

Carla Shaw is an ecologist who develops environmental and sustainablilty projects in Central and South America. Read more at www.evolvetoecology.com.

 

Story first published in The Ecologist Magazine UK by Carlita Shaw

http://www.theecologist.org/blogs_and_comments/Blogs/2134611/ecocide_in_ecuador.html

 

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